Complete eye health includes having healthy eyes and healthy
eyelids. Common eyelid problems include excess eyelid skin, droopy eyelids or
eyelids that turn inward or outward. The problems can cause eye discomfort,
limit vision, and affect appearance. Fortunately, they can be corrected with
Ptosis: upper eye drooping
"toe-sis") can either be apparent at birth (congenital), or develop with age
with congenital Ptosis may tilt his or her head backward in order to see, so
the condition does not always lead to poor vision. However, children with
Ptosis should be examined by an ophthalmologist because they may have other
associated eye problems.
to correct ptosis is commonly recommended in the preschool years to improve the
appearance and make it easier for the child to see. The type of surgery varies,
depending upon how much the eyelids droop.
Involutional Ptosis develops with aging. It may worsen after
other types of eye surgery or eyelid swelling. Ptosis may limit your side or
even your central vision. If Ptosis occurs in one eye, it may create an uneven
appearance. Surgical shortening of the muscle that opens the eyelid will often
lead to better vision and improved appearance.
Excess eyelid skin
Over time, many people develop
excess eyelid skin. Eyelid skin is the thinnest skin of the body, so it tends
to stretch. In the upper eyelid, this stretched skin may limit your side
vision. The same problem causes "bags" to form in the lower eyelid.
excess skin in the upper eyelid can be removed surgically by a procedure call
blepharoplasty. It improves side vision and other symptoms. Removal of the
excess skin in either the upper or lower eyelids may also improve appearance.
If excess fatty tissue is present, it may be removed at the same
Ectropion: outward turning of the lower
Stretching of the lower eyelid from age may cause the eyelid to
droop downward and turn outward. This condition is called ectropion. Eyelid
burns or skin disease can also cause this problem. Ectropion can cause dryness
of the eyes, excessive tearing, redness, and sensitivity to light and wind.
Surgery usually restores the normal postion of the eyelid, improving these
Entropion: inward turning of the lower
Entropion also occurs most commonly as a result of aging.
Infection and scarring inside the eyelid are other cause of entropion. When the
eyelid turns inward, the eyelashes and skin rub against the eye, making it red,
irritated, watery, and sensitive to light and wind.
entropion is not treated, an infection may develop on the clear surface of the
eye called cornea. With surgery, the eyelid can be turned outward to its normal
position, protecting the eye and improving these symptoms.
Eyelid plastic surgery
Eyelid plastic surgery is
almost always performed on an outpatient basis using local anesthesia. Before
surgery, your ophthalmologist will perform an eye examination and make
recommendations. Photographs and side-vision testing are often required by
insurance companies before blepharplasty and Ptosis surgery.
are planning to have surgery, be sure to tell your ophthalmologist if you are
taking aspirin or aspirin-containing drugs or blood thinners or if you have a
bleeding problem. Eyelid plastic surgery procedures can be done safely in an
outpatient setting by your ophthalmologist. The improvement in vision, comfort,
and appearance can be very gratifying.